Beachfront Development, Still on the Menu


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See the announcement:

In the video, scroll to frame 1:21:05 for Andrea’s ‘further business’ on this matter.

Beach development projects WILL come up before the EAB and City Council in the near future, and we will keep you posted to help us SAVE OUR BEACHES! Thank you for all your emails and calls into City Hall. #togetherwecan

The property owners of 2500 and 2600 N Ocean Blvd in Boca Raton continue to seek building permits to construct two four-story structures on the beach. Our City’s CCCL Setback Ordinance (City Code Section 28-1556) prohibits this because these properties lie seaward (east) of the Coastal Construction Control Line (CCCL).  In order to commence construction, a Variance must be provided by City Council. This specific CCCL Variance, if granted, would give property owners permission to build on untouched beach dunes of Boca Raton.

To gain a CCCL Variance, property owners must first present their project to the Environmental Advisory Board (EAB), which issues a non-binding recommendation to the City Council. The recommendation is whether the project’s damage to the environment is acceptable.

ATTENTION: This meeting is scheduled for Wednesday, August 29th at 5:30pm in the Council Chambers of City Hall.

Clearly in the map, both properties, 2500 N Ocean and 2600 N Ocean, are seaward of the CCCL.

City Code Section 28-1556 (4) allows for a Variance (i.e., an exception), and both 2500 and 2600 N Ocean have applied for that Variance, and hence a permit to build, under its provisions. In particular, to qualify for a Variance, the petitioner has to satisfy six distinct necessary conditions. Here we’ll look into the owners’ arguments for one particular condition:

  • The Variance granted is the minimum Variance necessary for the petitioner to make reasonable use of the property.

Both 2500 and 2600 N Ocean CCCL Variance applications contain the following passage:

Without a Variance, City Code Section 28-1556(3) would prohibit any and all economically viable use of the Subject Property, and that the regulation would violate the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution of the United States.

There are two remarkable claims being made in the passage: that without a variance, the petitioners:

  1. Could not make economic use of their lots; and
  2. Their constitutional rights would be violated.

We’ll see that neither claim has merit.

First consider possible economic use of these beachside lots. They certainly provide value for recreation, enjoyment of scenic beauty, and preservation of nature, the very values for which the City adopted the CCCL Setback Ordinance in the first place.

The beachfront properties could also serve as an amenity area, and this would count as economic use of the property as it does for several condominium developments on the west side of A1A. This would benefit any petitioners who also own land on the west side of A1A across from properties in question.

Next let’s consider an ‘economically viable use’ that is monetary, that of selling these properties for profit.

  1. 2500 N Ocean was purchased by Natural Lands LLC (Florida) in July 2011 for $950K,  who then sold it to Natural Lands LLC (Delaware) in June 2017 for $140K.
  2. The owner of 2600 N Ocean is documented as Grand Bank National Association who acquired the vacant lot in October 2011 for $100. Yes, you read that correctly: $100.

The sale prices were so discounted for beachfront property in Boca largely because they were considered unbuildable due to our City’s CCCL Setback Ordinance. For the same reason, in 2017, the most recent tax year:2500 N Ocean was appraised at $140K and 2600 N Ocean at $150K by the Palm Beach County Property Appraiser.

Both owners recently negotiated with the City for purchase of their properties. Because each owner demanded close to $20M, negotiations went nowhere. Take note of the $20M figure:

  1. The owner of 2500 N Ocean required a return on investment of about 14,000%.
  2. The owner of 2600 N Ocean required a return on investment of about 20,000,000%.

The City did not accede to the owners’ demands for ‘economically viable use’ of such excessive magnitude. But one wonders whether the City, or Beach and Parks District, or some foundation concerned with environmental or public values, might have purchased these properties for a fair and equitable amount, still leaving both owners with a hefty ‘economically viable’ profit. Owners don’t require a Variance to sell these lots at a healthy profit.

We’ve just looked at the petitioners’ claim that denying them a Variance would deprive them of economical use of their properties and found it to be groundless. Their second remarkable claim is that our City’s CCCL Setback Ordinance is unconstitutional. It’s not clear why the owners of the two lots make this claim. Maybe they wish to suggest that this Ordinance is indefensible and so they should not be subject to its terms. Or maybe to suggest that they could sue the City if not granted the Variances they seek.

What is clear is that that City Council is not the right forum for deciding a law’s constitutionality. Both petitioners have had standing for seven years to challenge the constitutionality of Sec. 28-1556(3), our City’s CCCL Setback Ordinance, since acquiring these lots in 2011. Have they filed motions to challenge this law in the courts, which is the right forum for doing so? If not, claims of unconstitutionality are gratuitous, and the City’s prerogative is to presume the law’s constitutionality.

Remember to attend the Environmental Advisory Board (EAB) meeting on August 29th at 5:30pm to voice your opposition to beach development. The focus at this meeting is environmental loss that would result from construction of these four-story buildings on our beaches.

We’ve seen here that petitioners don’t come close to meeting this condition for Variance approval. We’ll see that they also fail to meet other necessary conditions in forthcoming articles. Yet despite failing to qualify for a Variance as required by City Code, developers of the beachfront parcels would be permitted to build if the candidates they fund, directly and through their hired attorneys and lobbyists, win seats on the City Council.

Please vote on August 28th for the Candidates who represent our residents and the values of environment and quality of life embodied in our City’s laws. Once our beaches are gone, we can never get them back.

Written by Jessica Gray and Michael Laszlo

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  1. Take back Boca by voting today for Al Zucaro and Kathy Cottrell !

    Early Voting at the downtown public library ( 400 NW 2nd Ave, approximately 1/4 mile north of Palmetto Park Rd.) Today through Sunday, August 26
    VOTING TIMES 10:00 am – 6:00 pm Daily

    takes approximately 10-15 from start to finish

  2. Worth noting: Scott Singer and Robert Weinroth (and Haynie) voted for the setback variances, against the recommendations (twice) of the Zoning Board of Adjustment who deemed, properly, that the property owners had not met the criteria for the zoning variances. One can only wonder why?

    As a result, we now have to deal with the ongoing issues above. It will be interesting to see if the CCCL will be honored in the battle that is sure to ensue.

    All I can say is VOTE!

  3. Congratulations on a thoughtful and well-researched article. If I had written it, I might have been more concise: THIS DEAL STINKS. Voting for a variance to approve this greedy maneuver because “we might be sued if we don’t” is the definition of weakness. Preserving our beaches should be a major priority of anyone running for City Council.

  4. Jessica and Michael, an outstanding, well written article delineating (literally) the effects of twisted means to an end! How ow ridiculous are the demands of the owners to Boca. Out and out blackmail attempted.
    If you think about it, haven’t people been thrown in jail for trying to force exorbitant prices down peoples throats……..I can think of a former drug CEO who is enjoying hospitality at once of our finest Federal prisons.
    Readers, maybe you can think of more!?

  5. NO Variance! Everyone needs to show up for the Environmental Advisory Board meeting on 8/29!
    Are these board members appointed by the last group of council members? Are they in developer’s pockets?
    Let’s all be there to support the right decision…NO Building East of the CCCL. Dunes, turtle nests…etc.
    Protect our beaches!


    See the announcement:
    In the video, scroll to frame 1:21:05 for Andrea’s ‘further business’ on this matter.

    Beach development projects WILL come up before the EAB and City Council in the near future, and we will keep you posted to help us SAVE OUR BEACHES!

    Thank you for all your emails and calls into City Hall. #togetherwecan

    Stay tuned informed at



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